Hoover is a city shared between Jefferson and Shelby counties in north central Alabama, USA. This is the largest city in the suburbs of Birmingham, with a population of 62,742 in the 2000 census and 81,619 in the 2010 census. Hoover is part of the AL MSA (Metropolitan Statistical Area) in Birmingham-Hoover, and is also included in the Birmingham-Hoover-Cullman AL CSA. The Hoover neighborhoods and these communities are located along the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains. The city is home to the Galleria Riverchase, one of the largest shopping centers in the southeast states and one of the largest mixed-use centers in the United States with 222,967 m2 of sales space. The complex includes the commercial Riverchase Galleria, a hotel, and offices. The resort's main stores are JCPenney, Belk, Macy, and Sears. The Barons of Birmingham, a minor league baseball team founded in 1885, plays his home games at Regions Park with 10,800 seats. Michael Jordan spent a season with the Barons in 1994.
124.86 km2 ()
33° 23′ 10′ N, 86° 48′ 20′ W
84,126 hab. ()
|Number of households|
673.8 hab./km2 ()
City of the United States
The city of Hoover became a municipality in 1967. She was named after William H. Hoover, owner of a local insurance company. The area was known as the Hoover community since the 1930s and was as a whole a residential community. In the 1970s and early 1980s, the city was still mainly residential with a small town hall that included a room for police services. The annexation of the business and the residential community Riverchase provided a base for large office buildings and employers for the city. The opening in the early 1980s of the interstate interstate highway I-65 to I-459 brought about significant changes by placing the city at an important crossroads of the state's motorway system. The most dramatic change occurred in 1986 when the Riverchase gallery (shopping mall, hotel, office complex) opened. This greatly increased the city's tax revenues and served as a catalyst for bringing new residents and businesses. Hoover then grew and developed at an extremely rapid rate, also aided by the annexation of several communities. The city now has many public facilities, including a municipal center, a library, and a public security center. Residents and businesses are attracted to the city for its hills and beautiful residential areas, schools, municipal services, shopping centers, and business communities. The city is likely to continue to thrive; its population has increased significantly since 2008 and is currently 81,619 according to the 2010 census.
The mayor and the city council are elected for a four-year term on a simultaneous non-partisan basis, taking office on the first of October of the election year. Political decision-making and legislative authority is exercised by the municipal council, which consists of seven elected members (before 2004, the council was composed of five members.) The city council is responsible for reviewing local resolutions and regulations, adopting an annual budget, and appointing members of local councils and committees. The mayor is responsible for enforcing and enforcing the city's policy and ordinances.
When the municipality was created in 1967, Donald Watts was the first mayor of Hoover, and served for a year. In 1968, Edward Ernest was elected Hoover's second mayor for a four-year term, but was forced to resign for health reasons the following year and O.E. Braddock then took over as a member of the city council. Braddock died suddenly in 1975 and John Hodnett was appointed to complete his term. Frank Skinner became Mayor of Hoover in 1980 and held that position for 18 years. However, in 1999, he was forced to resign and plead guilty to a charge of covert financing of campaign accounts for which he failed to report $10,000 that he allegedly received as a donation. Councilor Brian L. Skelton then replaced him to finish his term. The 2000 election invested Councilor Barbara McCollum when she defeated Skelton, becoming Hoover's first woman mayor. In 2004, McCollum lost his re-election, coming third behind Tony Petelos and Councilor Jody Patterson. Petelos wins the 2004 and 2008 elections without opposition. He resigned in to fill the newly created position of Jefferson County Manager, and municipal council president Gary Ivey was appointed to fill his term.
|Is. 2016||84,978||▲ +4.12%|
According to the 2000 census, there were 62,742 inhabitants, 25,191 households, and 17,406 families residing in the city. The population density was 561.7 people per square kilometer. There were 27,150 dwellings with an average density of 243 per square kilometer. Of the 25,191 households, 33.4 per cent had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.4 per cent were married couples living together, 7.2 per cent were single women with at least one dependent child, and 30.9 per cent were non-families. The average household size was 2.47 individuals and the average family size was 3.00 individuals. 24.8% of the population is under the age of 18, 7.9% is between the ages of 18 and 24, 32.6% is between the ages of 25 and 44, 23.8% is between the ages of 45 and 64, and 10.9% is between the ages of 65 and over. The median age was 36. For 100 women, there were 95.1 men and for 100 women aged 18 and over, there were 91.5 men. According to a 2007 estimate, median income for a household in the city was $75,365, and median income for a family was $89,513. Men had median incomes of $55,660, compared to $34,836 for women. The city's per capita income was $33,361. Approximately 2.1% of families and 3.4% of the population live below the poverty line, including 2.7% of those under 18 and 3.9% of those aged 65 and over.
Ethnic distribution of population
Public schools are run by the Hoover City School District. Hoover has ten primary schools, three colleges and two high schools (Spain Park High School and Hoover High School). The two high schools have always had a very good ranking in the country, being ranked close to the top five hundred best high schools in the country. Hoover's schools accounted for a total of 11,433 students in the 2005-2006 school year, including 2,451 students enrolled at Hoover High School and 1,400 students at Spain Park High School. Spain Park High School received the Blue Ribbon National Award in 2008. Berry Middle School, was the city's first high school, closed after the academic year 2005-2006, these students were moved to a new school built in Middle Berry near the site of Spain Park High School. Before the 2004-2005 school year, some schools, including the Trace Crossings Primary School, had almost or even more than 1,000 students, leading to the construction of the Riverchase Primary School, which solved the problem of overpopulation.
- (en) This article is partially or entirely from the Wikipedia article entitled .
- Gary Ivey welcomed Hoover's new mayor
- UNITED STATES OF AMERICA - ALABAMA: urban population
- U.S. Decennial Census
- "United States Statistics - 2010 Community Profiles - Hoover"
- Hoover City Schools website
- (en) "Hoover High School", schooldigger.com, (accessed 24 July 2007)
- (en) "Spain Park High School", schooldigger.com, (accessed 24 July 2007)
- "No Child Left Behind-Blue Ribbon Schools Program - 2008 Schools", U.S. Department of Education